Negative Effects of Gambling

The National Council of Problem Gambling (NCPG) describes this type of gambling behavior as problem gambling.

? People continue gambling with the greed of winning money. Rehabilitating the gambling addicts needs money and time, and the process is not very easy. ? They start borrowing money and take secret loans. Thus, gambling can have a grave economic impact which is difficult to reverse.

? An Austrian study said that around 1 in 5 suicidal patients had a gambling problem.

Compulsive gambling leads to bankruptcy

? Substances of abuse are served at casinos and in pubs and clubs, thus increasing the likelihood of gamblers consuming them. It soon becomes a habit that can’t be broken.

? A majority of those addicted to gambling have substance abuse disorders.

? As gambling leads to increased criminal activities, in a way, gamblers add to the burden on prisons and the legal system.

? The costs of treating compulsive gamblers are huge. On giving a serious consideration to the negative effects of gambling, we realize that it is best avoided.

? People who fall prey to gambling tend to remain away from their families and waste money on other bad practices. It only leads to a thoughtless expenditure of money and valuables.

? Children of parents who are problem gamblers or gambling addicts tend to feel abandoned and angry, further increasing stress and leading to strained family relations.

Gambling refers to the betting of money on an event with an uncertain outcome, with the intent of winning additional wealth. The addiction robs a gambler of all the productive time and leads to loss of efficiency at work. It causes a decline in his/her work performance, thus hampering his career.

? According to a study by the George State University, 50% of the problem gamblers commit crime. Because of this, they land in worse situations and take the wrong decisions in life.

? Gamblers often exhibit mood swings and a strangely secretive behavior. Their mental state can even lead to suicidal tendencies.

? According to the University of New York, in people with alcohol use disorders, the chances of developing an addiction to gambling are 23 times higher.

? The addiction to gambling can leave one in bankruptcy. Some go that way to forget the sorrow of losing big sums when gambling.

? Gambling can lead to criminal activities. The greed never ends and they keep betting more and more. Addiction to gambling, coupled with substance abuse can make the gamblers physically abusive towards their family. Forget satisfaction or peace, it is not even refreshing in the real sense. Due to lost mental peace, they may ill-treat their spouse and children. It can drag you into crime, gambling isn’t fun.

? Addiction to gambling has been linked with substance abuse. Betting is a mentally taxing activity, and as one goes on risking more and more money, anxiety starts building.

Mental and physical health problems, financial issues, and conflicts in the family are among the common negative effects of gambling. In spite of the losses incurred, they continue betting. The two go hand in hand. In the following sections of this Buzzle article, we discuss the negative effects of gambling on the individual and society.

Initially, one looks at gambling as a way to run away from life’s problems, or from stress, anger, and loneliness. The stress of risking huge amounts of money or the frustration after losing it can increase the tendency of abuse in gamblers. Sports betting and arbitrage betting are the other types. The addiction leads people to continue with gambling irrespective of whether they earn or lose in the deal. Card games, coin tossing, and dice-based games are some non-casino based forms of gambling. Six to eight million people in America are estimated to have a gambling problem.

? According to a research by NCPG, 76 percent of problem gamblers are likely to have a major depressive disorder.

Games offered in casinos, table games like poker, Red Dog, and Blackjack, as also electronic games like Slot Machine and Video Poker are some of the common types of gambling. To add to the so-called merry atmosphere, gamblers often smoke or drink while playing.

? The stress from gambling may lead to health issues like ulcers, stomach problems, muscle pains, headaches, and problems with sleep.

? Problem gamblers and addicts tend to abuse their family members. They tend to stay away from their near ones, resulting in distrust between them and their loved ones.

? Over time, the practice of gambling starts becoming a habit and begins to have damaging effects at psychological, physical, and social levels. The decision to gamble money is based on three parameters namely; how much to bet, the predictability of the event, and the conditions agreed upon, between the gamblers. Their debt keeps building and it may reach an amount that exceeds their capacity to repay.

You could be at gunpoint or holding the gun. A recreational activity is supposed to be refreshing and relaxing, but something like gambling is contrary to the very purpose of recreation. A study by the same university suggested that 73% of the individuals who are imprisoned are found to be problem gamblers.

? Additionally, rehabilitation and public assistance systems are taxed.

? Gambling is practiced as a means of recreation. Over time, it becomes a habit, and eventually an obsession that can’t be overcome. When they lose the money they had risked, they further gamble to recover the lost amount and it becomes a vicious circle even they can’t escape from.

? Research has shown that gambling can lead to harmful behavior in people. Some take to substance abuse to supplement the high they get from winning huge sums while gambling. According to the National Research Council, 10 to 17% of the children of problem gamblers have been abused and so have 25 to 50% of the partners of problems gamblers.

? Gambling has proven to be addictive. The addiction has negative effects on one’s physical and mental health and it proves to be detrimental to one’s social, personal, and professional life. Thus, gambling practices cause a huge financial burden on the families of the affected and on the society at large.. The skill of a gambler lies in weighing the three parameters and making a decision about what amount should be staked and how much should be expected in return.

? Apart from absence at work and drop in efficiency, a common observation is that gamblers tend to steal money and engage in fraudulent behavior to recover from financial losses incurred when gambling, or to get more money to bet.

? Studies show that children with a sibling or parent addicted to gambling, are more likely to take to substance abuse.

Gambling = Thoughtless Expenditure + Waste of Time

? Similar to how an individual keeps consuming substances like drugs or alcohol to experience an altered mental state, he continues to gamble. The addiction gets on to the gamblers to such an extent that they fail to think wisely before acting. They engage in gambling activities at the cost of their time with family and friends. The effect is similar to that of having a drug or a drink, which is why gambling changes one’s mental state and mood.

? Gambling at the cost of one’s job results in a decline in the quality of his professional life. This proves to be detrimental to their social and family life

NBA Basketball Moneyline Bets

(You could also look at it as risking $3.30 for every $1.00 you want to win.)

Good luck in your action!

Here’s an odds conversion chart so you can get a look at what a point spread converts to when changed to a moneyline bet:

The moneyline is a great bet in basketball betting, as long as you don’t get too carried away betting favorites. There’s a good chance that if the underdog is going to cover the +3 that they’ll also win the game straight up. A moneyline is just a fancy way for saying that we’re eliminating the point spread and making it so your team only has to win by one point.

On the flip side, if you want to take a hoops underdog that would have been getting +7 points on the spread, this bet now pays +250 which means you bet $100 to PROFIT $250 (or profit $2.50 for ever $1.00 you risk). This isn’t always the case, but is often the case.

Point SpreadMoney Line-2-130/+110-2.5-140/+120-3-155/+135-3.5-175/+155-4-200/+170-4.5-220/+180-5/-5.5-240/+190-6-270/+210-6.5-300/+220-7-330/+250-7.5/-8/-8.5-360/+280-9/-9.5-400/+300-10-450/+325

. Underdogs are less likely to happen, hence why their compensated at such a high rate.

Before we go, may we recommend you check out the best places to bet on basketball on the web?

Since that gives too much value to the favored team in the bet and is not fair to the underdog, we compensate for each by creating an odds to win style bet.

As you can see, if you take a basketball game with a favorite of -7 and change it to a moneyline bet, you are not risking $330 to win $100. It’s a SUPER play when betting short (small) underdogs.

For those of you who aren’t familiar with what a moneyline bet is, let us explain:

As some advice from somebody who has been there, don’t even for a second think that taking a -10 favorite and turning it into a -450 moneyline play is a solid bet. It can also be viewed as 2.5/1 odds.

The reason that the favorite pays less with more risk is because the outcome is more likely to happen. While its very likely to cash, IF IT DOESN’T, you are screwed and in a hole BIGTIME.

So with a dog of +3, you would play the moneyline at +135 which would mean your bet would be risking $100 to profit $135 instead of taking it on the spread at +3 which would be risking $110 (more) to win $100 (less.)

Conversely, the underdog becomes a bet x amount to profit more proposition.

Losing one -450 play means you have to win 4.5 bets in a row just to break even and that is not easy in sports betting! In fact, it’s against the odds.

The favorite bet then becomes a bet more to win less proposition.

A great place to install a moneyline bet is when an NBA team is a short underdog, say +3 or less

Don’t Bet on It: Sports Gambling in America

Once the states impose their regulations and their taxation on this activity, gambling on professional sports in America will be universal.

We now await input from the commissioners of the football, baseball and hockey leagues. No one has suggested that this fact of the sporting life be abolished, even if it were possible.

Gambling on professional sports will go on whatever we do. What Silver has done is to present the issue for public discussion.

We have entered a new phase of American history where some folks have begun to realize that prohibiting certain vices is foolish or just ineffective. . Perhaps fair-minded individuals will see the proposal for what it is — an effort to respond to reality and minimize some of the unfortunate consequences of having to place bets with a bookie in violation of the law. Only five states do not have a state lottery, but even some of those states have casino gambling. For some, the greatest joy comes from gambling on the uncertain outcomes of these contests.

What then are the chances that the other sports leagues and the politicians will go along with Adam Silver’s proposal? In the short run, I would not bet on it. Of course, gambling depends upon the games remaining unfixed. It is ubiquitous. It is a courageous position for a sports commissioner to take. We will see this trend continue.

Adam Silver’s approach calls for federal legislation that would allow states to decide whether they would authorize sports gambling. There is no reason to think that were Congress to give its consent in a fairly short period of time we would see a “sports book” in almost every jurisdiction. At the same time, all team sports have discovered the marketing advantages of adopting fantasy games, some of which approach sports gambling when a participant can chose a new team each week. It is time to legalize, regulate and tax it.

NBA Commissioner Adam Silver’s op-ed in the New York Times calls upon Congress to change the nation’s laws to adopt a federal framework that allows states to authorize betting on professional sports. Adam Silver is right. They have been steadfast in opposition to the spread of legalized sports betting, most recently with regard to New Jersey’s effort to resuscitate Atlantic City by following the Nevada “sports book” model. Were this to be enacted, state sports gambling would spread like the lottery.

Gambling on sporting events is legal throughout most of the world. Professional sports think that gambling means that their games will not be decided on the merits, that fixers will invade their enterprises and cause spectators and fans to lose interest in patronizing their entertainment businesses. I would be surprised if the other commissioners follow Silver’s lead, but they will be asked. So far, the Rocky Mountain high has not caused Denver to rise about its mile limit. They should come prepared with an answer.

This Blogger’s Books and Other Items from…

There can be little question that sports gambling is a vice — much like drinking and playing the lottery. The availability of gambling online makes that easy to accomplish. Few turn on the games, especially football, without knowing the betting line. Alcohol continues to cause much more harm to society than illegal narcotics, but we learned the hard way that Prohibition generated far more problems than it solved. We are now experimenting with legalizing marijuana for recreational use. However, we have passed the point of trying to decide whether gambling on sports provides some sort of benefit to society. The sports establishment is vigilant in protecting the integrity of the product, and it will remain so if gambling is legalized, regulated and taxed.

How will politicians react to Silver’s proposal? If President Obama likes the idea — he dutifully fills out his bracket each March on the NCAA basketball tourney — then for sure the Republican majorities will oppose any change in the law. To recognize the reality that hundreds of billions of dollars are bet annually — and illegally — on sports is an enormous breakthrough even if the NBA is the only sport to recognize the fact

NBA bets on winning back fans | Reuters

NBA commissioner David Stern dismissed the incident as nothing more than a rogue employee but the league must now concentrate on regaining the confidence of American and Canadian fans instead of wooing interest abroad.

NEW YORK After a summer spent expanding its global brand with exhibition games from Shanghai to Rome, the NBA opens a new season on Tuesday looking to win back home fans following a gambling scandal which rocked the sport to its core.

Over the last decade, none have been better at collecting championships than the San Antonio Spurs, who enter the new campaign seeking their fifth title in 10 years.

By Steve Keating

| NEW YORK

In Dwyane Wade and Shaquille O’Neal the Miami Heat still pack the NBA’s best one-two punch and if the two all-stars can stay healthy another championship could be headed to South Florida.

Since the Rockets made Yao the top selection in the 2002 NBA draft, the towering 7ft 6ins center has blossomed into one of the NBA’s most dominant players and one of world’s most recognizable athletes.

Garnett, who came to Boston in a blockbuster trade with the Minnesota Timberwolves, joins Ray Allen and Paul Pierce in Beantown, instantly transforming the crumbling Celtics into championship contenders.

Stung by the failure, James dedicated himself to an off-season of intense training in his bid to guide the Cavaliers to the championship and secure his place among the game’s greats.

San Antonio will be part of the opening night action against the Portland Trail Blazers and the Utah Jazz take on the Golden State Warriors.

The aging Spurs will have a familiar look with 12 players back from last year’s squad, former league and playoff MVP Tim Duncan leading an all-star international cast that includes Frenchman Tony Parker and Argentine Manu Ginobili.

The night’s other matchup will see two of the league’s marketing dynamos clash when Kobe Bryant and the Los Angeles Lakers host Yao Ming and the Houston Rockets.

The Miami Heat and Detroit Pistons also look ready to figure into the Eastern Conference battle.

LeBron James is no stranger to the spotlight and is certain to be the focus of attention again after leading the Cavaliers to the NBA finals for the first time last year only to be swept in four games by the Spurs.

Yao, however, could be in for some stiff competition off the court following the arrival of compatriot Yi Jianlian, who has hogged the international spotlight since the Milwaukee Bucks took the seven-footer with the sixth overall selection in this year’s draft.

There appears, however, to be a new powerhouse taking shape in the Eastern Conference with 10-times all-star Kevin Garnett’s arrival in Boston.

While restoring integrity will be the NBA’s newest priority, the goal for the league’s 30 teams remains the same — winning a title.

After spending much of summer demanding a trade, Bryant is expected to be on the floor for the Lakers despite a wrist injury that kept him out of the team’s final exhibition contest.

Referee Tim Donaghy’ admission he bet on games he officiated and passed on inside information to bookies has inflicted severe damage to the NBA’s credibility with the toll likely to mount as investigations continue.

The Phoenix Suns and their high-octane offence led by twice MVP Steve Nash, once again look the best in the West alongside the Spurs and Dallas Mavericks.

Trade rumors have once again started to circulate, the Chicago Bulls reportedly making another bid for Bryant.

Legalize sports gambling, NBA commissioner says

It is currently only legal in Nevada; New Jersey is moving toward legalization — against the opposition of all four major pro sports leagues.

In an op-ed article for The New York Times published online on Thursday, Silver says fans should have a safe and legal way to gamble on professional games.

Sports leagues have long opposed gambling on games, claiming it creates incentives for game-fixing. He suggests a federal framework that allows states to legalize sports betting. He says new regulations would help prevent underage betting while educating those with a gambling problem about how to bet responsibly.

NBA Commissioner Adam Silver says it’s time for a new approach to betting on sports.

Silver says new laws would have to protect the integrity of the sports.

The History Of Racquetball – InfoBarrel

These associations are the International Racquetball Tournament, the Women’s Professional Racquetball Organization and the Legends Tour. Soon afterwards in 1969 Robert W. Racquetball is not televised very frequently as it is difficult to film and keep track of the ball moving at high speeds. Sobek played both tennis as well as handball but was looking for an extremely fast paced sport that mostly anybody could easily pickup without a large learning curve for the rules. When Racquetball is televised, the U.S. Joe came up with the sport at the Greenwhich YMCA in a handball court. Kendler created the IRA, The International Racquetball Association.

In 1952 Joe founded the IPRA, The International Paddler’s Racquets Association. In 1973 Robert left the IRA and formed two other racquetball associations none of which have became as prominent as the IRA. Eventually the IRA became the American Amateur Racquetball Association which changed its name again in the late 1990s to the United States Racquetball Association. Open championships in Memphis, Tennessee is one of the few tournaments that gets air time.. Finally, in 2003, the USRA changed their name for the final time to mimic other Olympic sports associations and coined themselves United States Racquetball (USAR).

Racquetball was originally created by a man named Joe Sobek. Today Racquetball has not been growing like it was in the 1970s and 1980s but the fan base stays strong with an estimated 5.6 million players.

Joe named this sport, ‘Paddle Rackets’ which eventually was renamed ‘Racquetball’ by professional tennis player Bob McInerny . Solidified the rules and created the very first official rule book. Sobek continued promoting the sport which was easy for most to pickup since over 40,000 handball courts exist across America.

There are currently three associations that handle professional games

Interesting Information on Horse Racing You Probably Didn’t Know

The California Senate passed a bill regarding the same issue following Barbaro’s death. They often fall down from their horse and are crippled by the other horses running over them, causing spinal cord and even brain injuries. According to the Jockey’s Guild statistics, 128 riders have died in America on the racetracks since the year 1940. Experts say that laying softer tracks like polytracks, can be safer for the horses than the hard-mud surfaces. Well, we hope so too, otherwise, it won’t be too long for the reign of this beloved sport to come to an end.

It is even more dangerous in case of fast-pace races, because the faster the horses run, more severe is the fall and the resulting injury. The National Thoroughbred Racing Association has stated that its Safety and Integrity Alliance will help implement all these measures.

Not only for the horses, horse racing is life-threatening to the jockeys too. Measures like giving better financial aid to the injured jockeys and implementation of on-site medical facilities can be taken.

Learn Online Sports Betting

Nevertheless, on behalf of it to be worthwhile, gamblers must recognize how to play appropriately and maneuver precisely. It takes huge knowledge and investigations to do this. This is where skill comes in versatile. The method a player holds his/her cash in insertion bets online can also make or crack him/her.

If you are desirous to become a sports betting champ by mastering your betting skills, all you need to do is visit the site. Also, a gambler who recognizes how to recognize and scrutinize the likelihood to the match can create an enhanced betting strategy, virtually giving that gambler and perimeter amongst the additional players.

Making effective bets is truthfully pleasant. Nevertheless doing this might not be the simplest item to do. However, for novices, they can simply obtain this capacity by looking for a variety of trustworthy tips concerning introducing digital bets.

After getting a reasonable clasp on the most frequently used sports gambling terms, novices can develop towards consideration sports gambling odds. Novices can begin by scrutinizing pro-bettors at first. Culturing the fundamental stipulations would be a great initial point. That’s an extensive and deadly procedure and gamblers need to study the simple essentials.. And, if you are seeking some tips related to online betting make sure to visit this link.

Long distance sports gamblers may previously be acquainted with by at the present that a steadfast and secure gambler is one of the most significant things to appear subsequent to betting games online. This is significant, as the match rotates in the region of these odds. They can maintain themselves modernized waiting they have a recognizable clasp on the stipulations. To assist them by this, they could also explore online for straightforward glossaries on the most ordinary stipulations used in placing bets in cyberspace.

Author’s Bio: 

And finally, gamblers can also labor on learning how to expand good cash managing. Later on all, it’s not just a stuff of only selecting out any arbitrary booker who’s keen to take suggestions.

To initiate off, it’s imperative for all aspiring gamblers to study significant terms used in gambling sports online

The Greatest Sport in the World Is Not What You’re Thinking

All of my Ultimate friends can attest to the fact that the people they met through this sport helped propel them in new directions both with their careers and their social lives.

8) It’s way better than book clubs or fraternities. At the most competitive events, there are referee-like observers on hand that make final rulings only when two players can’t come to an agreement.

4) Things like this happen

I know what you’re thinking, and so does every other Ultimate player. Co-ed divisions and leagues make up the most prominent form of Ultimate, and the women’s game has continued to grow and push the sport forward. Whether you’re an elite level player or just a beginner, these tournaments are enjoyed by all. And, on rare occasions, can still be. First of all, frisbees are cheap. And here is why:

Looking for a solid group of friends when you get to college? How about a good way to meet some new people outside of work? Ultimate is perfect. Other classics include MARS in Pittsburgh, Sandblast in Chicago, Lei Out in California and Potlatch in Seattle. Even at the professional level, where the sport is reffed, there is a clause in the rulebook that allows players to overturn a referee’s call if they get it wrong (this happens more than you’d think).

9) The off the field stuff is great, but…

mlu

ultimate

On the contrary, the athletes that are playing Ultimate get better every year and the sport is increasing its exposure each and every day. The difference here is that in Ultimate, annual tournaments are actually designed for the party. There is an old saying that when a ball dreams it dreams of being a frisbee; and the reasons go on forever. Ultimate players are generally well connected, too. After those five, sports like golf, cricket and rugby are played and enjoyed globally, but there is one magnificent sport that — despite flying under the radar — is about to come out of the shadows: Ultimate Frisbee.

3) Ridiculous highlight reels

Perhaps one of the greatest thrills of Ultimate is traveling with your best friends to go play in some faraway city. Anytime you’re feeling like you need a break from competitive Ultimate, these tournaments will do the trick.

Suggest a correction

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7) It’s cheap and fairly simple.. A refreshing reminder of what sport was meant to be. A frisbee can skip, bounce, fly, hover, flip, spin, roll — and even hold your dinner. The community in the sport is all about reaching out, spreading the game, and building relationships outside the lines.

ultimate peace

Want to play a pickup game of Ultimate? All you need is some open space, a frisbee and… The ultimate winners? Well, they were all winners.” – Howard Cossell

2) Spirit Of The Game

With a large emphasis on community, Ultimate is frequently found at the forefront of movements and community-based programs. Even though the sport is still predominantly white, it is not a competition reserved for the Caucasian middle class, either.

1) It’s played with a frisbee. at the end of the day, the things that happen on the field in Ultimate stand completely on their own. No, we aren’t all stoners. They are not involved in the game unless a player asks them to be. It can fit under your car seat or in a desk, open a beer or decorate your room. Perhaps none are more significant than Ultimate Peace, a summer camp that brings together Israelis and Palestinians on the Ultimate fields throughout Israel.

5) Party Tournaments

For years, American sports have been dominated by the “big four”: football, basketball, hockey and — of course — baseball.

Update (April 22, 2014): One major aspect of the sport that was overlooked in a previous version of this post was gender equity. When thrown properly, they can leave the field of play and then return into a receiver’s hands. Nothing; save the joy of competition.

The sport of Ultimate is built on an honor system that penetrates the game at every level. well, that’s really it.

6) Ultimate is working for peace in the Middle East.

Soccer dominates just about every other corner of the earth. You can consult the rulebook if you’d like, but the basic tenets go something like this: score in the other team’s end zone, avoid contact, don’t run with the Frisbee and play with integrity. It can be thrown upside down or with your toes. And the ultimate reward for their time, money and effort? Nothing.

“A sport no school ever dropped, no scandal ever tainted… In youth, college and club Ultimate the sport is entirely self-officiated. We don’t play with a dog and it isn’t just a rec league activity. You can find them in places like Wildwood, New Jersey, where thousands of Ultimate players take over this beach town for an entire weekend. Just check out this Callahan (college MVP who demonstrates the highest level of integrity) video from Lisa Picaithley.

Ultimate is a unique combination of several sports that makes it entirely its own. If that isn’t enough, add to the list that they can’t break car windows and they’re kid-safe, too.

You know, just the greatest instrument of play ever invented. Plays happen in the air like basketball and football, players endure grueling amounts of running like soccer, receivers leave their feet to make spectacular catches like baseball outfielders, and much of the sport is played in tournament format (multiple games per day, meaning an abundance of opportunities for Sports Center-like plays). The standard 175-gram plastic discs shouldn’t run you more than 10 dollars

The New Horses Betting Odds

Also are direct affiliates with recognized and safe money transfer companies, offering different efficient payment methods to all kinds of customers. The companies dedicated to this use the classic annual races in the famous tracks all over the country and the classic horse betting odds too, the only part that technology is part of, is in the internet were users bet for their favorite horses as being in the real tracks, so those companies just bring the information thru internet and process all information, transactions and a lot of more details sometimes impossible to bring in the tracks.

A lot of people think it can be a way to swindle, but the companies dedicated to this are completely supervised and supported by legal regulations in the National and International races too.

The horse betting odds has a very huge impact of recreation in the life of a lot of persons as a hobby, sport or business; now the newest option for the fans or players is participate from a safe place, doing all from only a computer and get extra things without move to visit the tracks or any other place.

The banking, section which contains all the money transfer methods, conditions and payouts; also use the latest techniques and technologies to bring an efficient service. This famous sport is called by different ways as online horse racing, online racebook or online horse betting; no matter the way people call it, everybody understand and love this famous horse sport or game.

The new way to play it it’s online by internet, it can sounds like a complicated digital animated horses running into a computer program, but it’s completely different. In general, all those tools are synchronized to create a powerful potential source for the races world fans..

The races results are monitored constantly by a design team of graphic designers and reporters to can get the information in real time, no matter the distance any user with internet connection can be updated from any were in the planet about the latest news or results in the races world.

As well, in those web sites users can find designed special areas dedicated to multiple themes can help people is learning, as the very important tips and strategy section to can choose wisely the horse winners in the race, also the track listings and racing calendar which help users to be inform with the day’s races, history about famous jockeys, horses, tracks or races.

The amazing world of horses and races now evolve as much other sports, hobbies and games